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Are you safe from deadly spiders?
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How do Spiders reproduce?
Spiders have a courtship ritual and considerable preparation goes in by the male. The male reproductive organ is located in his pedipalpi. The male sercetes his seminal fluid either on the ground or web. The female becomes hypnotised and inactive. Their hunger is supressed. The male puts his seminal fluid on his palps and transfers this to the female's spermatheca which is a receptacle in which the sperm is stored after mating. Once the female is fertilised then they consume the male.
Webbing Spiders - usually the male spider will drum on the web's threads and gradually moves towards the female.
Ground Dwelling Spiders - usually the male spider locates the female burrow. Some barks whilst other males drop their seminal fluid on the ground. Some enter the burrow whilst others wait for the female to come out.
What unusual habits do Spiders have?
Spiders are nocturnal. They hide during the day unless their environment is disturbed. Spiders are active during the night and come out of their shelter.'
Food and Feeding
Carnivorous that eat living or freshly killed insects. Spiders inject their venom by means of their fangs into their prey which makes them paralysed. The preys body is squeezed and the body fluids are consumed.
Cannibalism is common in spiders, if they do not have another food source they will eat each other. If they are the same species of spider the females always wins against its male.
Spiders can survive many months without food, particularly in winter when food is scarce and their own metabolism slows down. However, they do not survive for long in the warmer months.
Webbing Spiders will trap their prey in their sticky web and then spin web around the prey. Spiders are know to eat their web to restore their energy thereby recycling their silk protein.
Ground Dwelling Spiders wait inside their burrow for insects or they go in search of food during the night. They are known to kill small lizards and creatures.
Silk or web, is a complex albuminoid protein, is produced from the spinnerets which are located on the end of the spiders abdomen. The abdomen has silk glands.
Spiderlings - some will spin a fine thread of silk that is taken up by the air and eventually lifts the spiderling so they float away. They can travel for several kilometres until they reach their new home. If there is a large population of spiderlings when they arrive at their destination they will leave many fine strands of silk on the vegetation.
Webbing Spiders - make beautiful webs between the trees, buildings and plants.
Ground Dwelling Spiders - can line their burrows with thin silken thread and they use trip webs outside the burrow on the ground to trap their prey.
Red Back Spider
Normally found - under houses, in rubbish, unsewered toilets.
Aggressive - No
Appearance - Black velvety with red or white stripe on dorsal surface. Stripe may be missing on some. Pale area on ventral surface. Long legs and large bulbous abdomen with small cephalothorax. Males much smaller and insignificant
Females 12-15 mm
Males 3-4 mm
Web - Makes a loose web
Life cycle - 1 generation per year
Toxicity - Very toxic. Female bites, male does not. Very painful
Normally found - in sheds, toilets, windows, under guttering.
Aggressive - No
Appearance - Dark brown to black, legs often black. Large abdomen. Fangs are not obvious but move pincer.
Females 15-18 mm
Males 8-10 mm
Life cycle - 1 generation per year
Web - Makes a felted web at the centre of which is a tunnel.
Toxicity - Toxic - produces pain, nausea, sweating. No fatalities
Sydney Funnel Web Spider
Normally found - late summer and autumn. The male will leave its funnel-shaped webbed burrow in search for a female. They live in moist dark environments in the ground. The male may also come out during long periods of wet weather and enter houses garages and sheds, where they seek shelter. They could find shoes and clothes a good place to hide out. It is good to keep clothes and shoes off the floor. Always bang shoes together and ensure they are empty before putting them on. Please note there are no chemicals on the market that treat Funnel Web Spiders or any other ground dwelling spider.
Aggressive - Yes
Appearance - black with fine reddish hair, shiny cephalothorax, spinnerets long, terminal segment longest. Male palps small, spur on second pair of legs.
Female: 30 mm
Male: 25 mm
Life cycle - Female 3-5 years, Male dies after mating the female.
Web - create a silken tube through litter in or on the ground.
Toxicity - Very toxic. Male more toxic than the female
Do Spiders carry diseases?
No, diseases from spiders.
Why Spiders are a pest?
Spiders are manly a pest due to their being toxic spiders in Australia so people being scared of them.
Spider are nocturnal and during the night they are active and produce their magnificent webs which people can walk into and don't want them spinning around their properties.